This procedure removes excess male breast development, which may be due to weight gain or overall body weight loss, use of hormones or steroids, fatty tumours, genetic predisposition, or hormonal imbalances. If one-sided enlargement is found, testing is required prior to treatment.
The treatment involves stopping the causative agent or weight control, and may include conventional, laser-assisted liposuction, or liposculpture, with or without a direct excision.
Surgery is performed under local anaesthetic, conscious sedation with local anaesthetic, or general anaesthesia.
Discomfort is controlled with oral medication and long-acting local anaesthetic. A garment should be worn for several weeks and tumescent fluid drainage is expected for several days. Sutures are removed within one to two weeks and normal activities may be resumed within a couple of days.